Supporters of Moise Katumbi, one of the main opponents of President Felix Tshisekedi, attend his election rally in a stadium in Goma, one of the largest cities in the east of the DRC.
- For the DRC‘s National Assembly, 500 seats are being contested, and there are 20 presidential candidates.
- The electoral body received the last batch of electoral material on Friday.
- The president of the republic is elected in a single round of direct universal suffrage.
The upcoming general elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are an appointment with history, according to the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante (CENI), which has promised to deliver a free and fair plebiscite.
The electoral body, in a press release, pleaded for registered voters to come out in their numbers to take part in “an inclusive, transparent, and peaceful electoral process”.
The last batch of electoral material – more than 90 tonnes – arrived in the country from China on Saturday, and most of it has been distributed.
The CENI asked the government to provide four Antonov aircraft and 10 helicopters to distribute electoral kits to all corners of the country.
As election day draws closer, people are checking for their names on the voters’ roll through a mobile application that uses their voter card number, and seems to be working well, for some.
“I had challenges before, but now my name is there. You can check the location of your polling station free of charge through the various telephone operators. I will go defend my vote,” said a vendor in the city centre, speaking partly in French.
Political parties started campaigning on 20 November, and the last day of the campaign is 18 December, just two days before voting.
In Kinshasa, the capital with a population of about 17 million, every street is littered with campaign posters.
Twenty candidates are vying for the presidency in a country with 54 registered political parties.
For the National Assembly, there are 500 seats.
Based on voter registration figures, the seats are divided among 181 electoral districts.
This means 62 members will be elected by first-past-the-post in single-member seats, and the remaining 438 members will be elected by open list in multi-member constituencies.
There are also 26 provinces, each with its own governor and vice governor, as well as a provincial legislature that exercises jurisdiction.
Supporters of the incumbent President Felix Tshisekedi attend his election rally in Goma, capital of North Kivu province, eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
According to the country’s 2006 constitution, the president of the republic wields executive power through the prime minister and the government.
Legislative power is wielded by the parliament, which consists of two chambers: The National Assembly (where seats are held by national deputies) and the Senate.
Then there is judicial power, which is exercised by the courts and tribunals.
The DRC maintains a semi-presidential system in which the president of the republic governs as supreme commander of the armed forces, supreme magistrate, and guarantee of institutions.
There is a prime minister and members of the Cabinet who carry out the president’s decisions.
How do the elections work?
The president of the republic is elected in a single round of direct universal suffrage.
Members of the National Assembly, like the president, are chosen by direct universal suffrage.
Direct universal suffrage is also used to elect members of provincial assemblies. Governors are chosen by provincial legislatures.
Senators are elected by provincial deputies as well. As a result, both governors and senators were indirectly elected.
This year’s elections will include voting for municipal, communal, and urban councillors.
The News24 Africa Desk is supported by the Hanns Seidel Foundation. The stories produced through the Africa Desk and the opinions and statements that may be contained herein do not reflect those of the Hanns Seidel Foundation.
Source link : https://www.news24.com/news24/africa/news/explainer-how-the-drcs-crucial-20-december-elections-will-work-20231212
Publish date : 2023-12-12 13:53:13